Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/6598
Título: Effects of processing conditions on the caseinolytic activity of crude extracts of Cynara cardunculus L
Outros títulos: Efectos de las condiciones de extracción sobre la actividad caseinolítica de los extractos de Cynara cardunculus L
Autor: Sousa, M. J.
Malcata, F. X.
Palavras-chave: Cynara cardunculus
wild thistle
Plant rennet
Caseinolytic activity
Surface response method
Data: 1996
Editora: SAGE Publications
Citação: SOUSA, M. J. ; MALCATA, F. X. - Effects of processing conditions on the caseinolytic activity of crude extracts of Cynara cardunculus L. Food Science and Technology International - New York ISSN 1082-0132. 2:4 (1996) 255-263
Resumo: Four processing parameters (time of grinding, pH of buffer, salt concentration of buffer, and homogenization time) involved in the liquid extraction of proteinases from flowers of the wild thistle (Cynara cardunculus), were studied for their effects on final caseinolytic activity by a surface response method. The caseinolytic activity was assayed spectrophotometrically using o-phthal dialdehyde. An empirical quadratic model was applied to experimental data pertaining to the average enzymatic activity and equations describing the optimal conditions were obtained. Simultaneous solution of these equations for the local maxima indicated that, within the range tested, the maximum (estimated) specific caseinolytic activity (around 9.5 μmol of equivalent leucine/min.g of thistle flower) was obtained by grinding the flowers for 36 s, using an extrac tion buffer with a pH of 5.9 and a salt content of 0% (w/w), and homogenizing the ground flower/buffer suspension for 15 min. These data are of use in the optimization of extraction proce dures, which are of relevance to the production of standardized plant rennets suitable for the large scale manufacture of ewe's milk cheese.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/6598
Versão do Editor: http://fst.sagepub.com/content/2/4/255.abstract
Aparece nas colecções:ESB - Artigos em revistas internacionais com Arbitragem / Papers in international journals with Peer-review

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