Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/2658
Título: Carrot (Daucus carota L.) peroxidase inactivation, phenolic content and physical changes kinetics due to blanching
Autor: Gonçalves, E. M.
Pinheiro, J.
Abreu, M.
Brandão, T. R. S.
Silva, Cristina L.M.
Palavras-chave: Blanching
Kinetic models
Peroxidase enzyme
Total phenols
Data: 2010
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: "Journal of Food Engineering" . ISSN 0260-8774. 97: 4 (2010) 574–581
Resumo: The kinetics of peroxidase thermal inactivation, total phenolic content degradation, and colour (CIE L*a*b*) and texture changes were studied in a temperature range of 70–90 C for carrots (Daucus carota L.). Peroxidase inactivation, total phenolic content degradation and the lightness colour (L* parameter) change were successfully described by a first-order reaction model. The redness and yellowness colour (a* and b* parameters, respectively) and texture (firmness and energy parameters) changes presented a fractional conversion kinetic model behavior. The temperature effect was well described by the Arrhenius law. All the blanching conditions recommended to reduce peroxidase inactivation to an acceptable level (90% loss of its original activity) ensured good quality retention. However, to obtain a high quality carrot product a balance must be made between colour and total phenolic content losses. Therefore, blanching at 80 C for 6 min is suggested as a compromise condition to maximize quality. The overall study indicated that colour is a critical parameter to optimize carrot hot water blanching condition.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/2658
Versão do Editor: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0260877409005901
Aparece nas colecções:ESB - Artigos em revistas internacionais com Arbitragem / Papers in international journals with Peer-review

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