Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/7635
Título: Evolution of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and furfural (F) in fortified wines submitted to overheating conditions
Autor: Pereira, V.
Albuquerque, F.M.
Ferreira, A.C.
Cacho, J.
Marques, J.C.
Palavras-chave: Madeira wine
Data: 2011
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: PEREIRA, V... [et al.] - Evolution of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and furfural (F) in fortified wines submitted to overheating conditions. Food Research International. ISSN 0963-9969. Vol. 44, n.º 1 (2011), p. 71–76
Resumo: As furfural (F) and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) are essentially formed from sugar dehydration, especially in food submitted to heat, they can be found in beverages, as well as fortified sweet wines. In order to assess the impact of temperature on Madeira winemaking, three traditional varieties of Madeira wines (Malvasia, Sercial and Tinta Negra Mole) were studied to evaluate the F and HMF contents. The wines were produced by two vinification processes, following traditional and modern methodologies, heated at standard conditions (30 °C and 45 °C, for 4 months) and compared with the same wines submitted to overheating conditions (55 °C, for 4 months). The RP-HPLC-DAD methodology used for the control of F and HMF during the process showed no significant changes in the wines maintained at 30 °C (canteiro) and a noticeable but controlled increase in the wines heated at 45 °C (estufagem) where values up to about 150 mg/L of HMF could be found in sweet wines. The strong relation of this compound with the sugar content and baking temperature stood out in the wines submitted to overheating conditions where values higher than 1 g/L could be found for sweeter wines, with HMF level being in general higher than F. The results clearly suggest that the amount of HMF in these fortified wines can be easily controlled when submitted to adequate conditions of heating during estufagem and storage. Furthermore, different temperatures for the baking of sweet and dry wines may be considered.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/7635
Versão do Editor: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0963996910004448
Aparece nas colecções:ESB - Artigos em revistas internacionais com Arbitragem / Papers in international journals with Peer-review

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