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|Título:||Impact of thermal blanching and thermosonication treatments on watercress (Nasturtium officinale) quality: thermosonication process optimisation and microstructure evaluation|
|Autor:||Cruz, Rui M. S.|
Vieira, Margarida C.
Fonseca, Susana C.
Silva, Cristina L. M.
|Citação:||CRUZ, Rui M. S....[et al] - Impact of thermal blanching and thermosonication treatments on watercress (Nasturtium officinale) quality: thermosonication process optimisation and microstructure evaluation. Food and Bioprocess Technology. ISSN 1935-5149. Vol. 4, n.º 7 (2011), p.1197-1204|
|Resumo:||The objectives of the present work were to optimise watercress heat and thermosonication blanching conditions, in order to obtain a product with better quality for further freezing, and to evaluate the effects of thermosonication on the microstructure of watercress leaves. In a chart of optimal time–temperature conditions for a 90% peroxidase inactivation (imposed constraint), vitamin C (objective function) and a-value (improvement toward green) were mathematically predicted for both heat and thermosonication blanching treatments. Two optimal thermosonication combinations were selected: 92°C and 2 s, retaining 95% of vitamin C content and 5% a-value improvement, and a better condition in terms of practical feasibility, 86°C and 30 s, allowing a 75% vitamin C retention and 8% a-value improvement. The experimental values, for each thermosonication optimal time–temperature zone, were in good agreement with the models' predicted responses. In terms of microstructure, thermosonicated watercress at 86 and 92°C showed similar loss of turgor and release of chloroplasts. The proposed optimal thermosonication blanching conditions allow the improvement of the blanched watercress quality and consequently contribute for the development of a high-quality new frozen product. However, a suitable scale-up is mandatory for industrial implementation.|
|Versão do Editor:||The original publication is available at http://www.springerlink.com/content/f6022501859xk05r/|
|Aparece nas colecções:||CBQF - Artigos em revistas internacionais com Arbitragem / Papers in international journals with Peer-review|
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