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|Título:||Modelling growth of, and removal of Zn and Hg by a wild microalgal consortium|
|Autor:||Monteiro, Cristina M.|
Brandão, Teresa R. S.
Castro, Paula M. L.
Malcata, F. Xavier
|Citação:||MONTEIRO, Cristina M... [et al.] - Modelling growth of, and removal of Zn and Hg by a wild microalgal consortium. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. ISSN 1432-0614. (2012). 94(1). 91-100|
|Resumo:||Microorganisms isolated from sites contaminated with heavy metals usually possess a higher removal capacity than strains from regular cultures. Heavy metal-containing soil samples from an industrial dumpsite in Northern Portugal were accordingly collected; following enrichment under metal stress, a consortium of wild microalgae was obtained. Their ability to grow in the presence of, and their capacity to recover heavy metals was comprehensively studied; the datasets thus generated were fitted to by a combined model of biomass growth and metal uptake, derived from first principles. After exposure to 15 and 25 mg/L Zn2+ for 6 days, the microalgal consortium reached similar, or higher cell density than the control; however, under 50 and 65 mg/L Zn2+, 71% to 84% inhibition was observed. Growth in the presence of Hg2+ was significantly inhibited, even at a concentration as low as 25 μg/L, and 90% inhibition was observed above 100 μg/L. The maximum amount of Zn2+ removed was 21.3 mg/L, upon exposure to 25 mg/L for 6 day, whereas the maximum removal of Hg2+ was 335 μg/L, upon 6 day in the presence of 350 ug/L. The aforementioned mechanistic model was built upon Monod assumptions (including heavy metal inhibition), coupled with Leudeking–Piret relationships between the rates of biomass growth and metal removal. The overall fits were good under all experimental conditions tested, thus conveying a useful tool for rational optimisation of microalga-mediated bioremediation.|
|Versão do Editor:||The original publication is available at http://www.springerlink.com/content/0080xq913151w585/abstract/|
|Aparece nas colecções:||CBQF - Artigos em revistas internacionais com Arbitragem / Papers in international journals with Peer-review|
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