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|Título:||Influence of the variability of processing factors on the F-value distribution in batch retorts|
Oliveira, Jorge C.
Oliveira, Fernanda A.R.
Monte Carlo simulation
|Citação:||VARGA, Szabolcs; OLIVEIRA, Jorge C.; OLIVEIRA, Fernanda A. R. - Influence of the variability of processing factors on the F-value distribution in batch retorts. Journal of Food Engineering. ISSN 0260-8774. Vol. 44 (2000), p. 155-161|
|Resumo:||The F-value distribution in a batch retort processing of in-pack conduction heating foods resulting from the variability of four processing factors (initial temperature, heating time, headspace and external heat transfer coe cient) was determined by mathematical modelling. Three hundred combinations were generated from normally distributed values for each factor, following the Monte Carlo approach. The retort temperature was assumed the same for all containers and the F-value at the geometrical centre of containers of di erent dimensions was calculated by solving the governing heat transfer equations using ®nite elements. It was found that in the range tested the variability of the heating time and of the external heat transfer coe cient had the biggest impact on the F-value distribution and that the head space variability had a negligible impact. It was also found that although each in¯uencing factor had a normal distribution, the F-value distribution was not normal, showing a signi®cant tailing, being well described by a gamma function|
|Versão do Editor:||doi:10.1016/S0260-8774(99)00174-0|
|Aparece nas colecções:||ESB - Artigos em revistas internacionais com Arbitragem / Papers in international journals with Peer-review|
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