Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/6725
Título: Carotenoid, chlorophyll, and chlorophyll-derived compounds in grapes and Port Wines
Autor: Pinto, Maria Manuela Mendes
Ferreira, António César Silva
Caris-Veyrat, Catherine
Pinho, Paula Guedes de
Palavras-chave: Carotenoids
Chlorophylls
Chlorophyll derivatives
Grapes
Port wines
HPLC-DAD-MS (EPS+)
Degradation
Aging
Data: Jan-2005
Editora: American Chemical Society
Citação: "Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry" . ISSN 0021-8561. 53:26 (2005) 10034-10041
Resumo: Carotenoids and chlorophyll-derived compounds in grapes and Port wines were investigated by HPLCDAD and HPLC-DAD-MS (ESP+) analysis. A total of 13 carotenoid and chlorophyll-derived compounds are formally reported in grapes, 3 are identified for the first time, pheophytins a and b and (13β-carotene, and 3 others remain unknown. In Port wines 19 compounds with carotenoid or chlorophylllike structures are present, 8 still unidentified. The young wines showed higher total carotenoid content and chlorophyll-like compounds compared to aged Ports, with lutein and β-carotene as major carotenoids. Among samples analyzed of monovarietal Vitis vinifera L. cultivar wines produced with the five most important Douro varieties, Tinta Roriz contained the highest levels of carotenoids and Touriga Franca the lowest. The forced-aging study indicated that lutein was more sensitive to temperature than β-carotene. Additionally, aged wines showed higher ratios of β-carotene/lutein concentrations compared to new Ports. Rates of degradation of chlorophyll derivative compounds were higher than those for carotene and lutein.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/6725
Aparece nas colecções:ESB - Artigos em revistas internacionais com Arbitragem / Papers in international journals with Peer-review

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