Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/6442
Título: Relationships Between Storage Conditions of Grape Pomace and Volatile Composition of Spirits Obtained Therefrom
Autor: Silva, M. Luz
Malcata, F. Xavier
Palavras-chave: Grape Pomace
Bagaceira
Distillation
Methanol
Mark
Data: 1998
Editora: American Society for Enology and Viticulture
Citação: SILVA, M. Luz; MALCATA, F. Xavier - Relationships Between Storage Conditions of Grape Pomace and Volatile Composition of Spirits Obtained Therefrom. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture. ISSN 0002-9254. Vol. 49 n.º 1 (1998), p. 56-64
Resumo: This study reports on the effects of addition of tartaric acid, addition of pectinase, time of anaerobic storage, and the storage container material on the concentrations of volatiles in marc distillates of Alvarinho and Loureiro varieties. The aim of this work is to predict how the concentration of every major volatile responds to each manipulated processing factor in each of three distillate cuts, a condition necessary to rationalize the process of the manufacture of bagaceiras. Fusel alcohols were, quantitatively, the largest group of flavor compounds in all cases, ranging from 395 to 2029 mg/L. Ethyl acetate and ethyl lactate were the most concentrated esters, ranging from 176 to 9614 and from 0 to 310 mg/L, respectively. Fermentation time is the manipulated variable that most strongly affected composition of marcs in terms of higher alcohols, while addition of pectinases and material of container are the manipulated variables that most strongly affected composition in terms of methanol (with a concentration range of 2694 - 6960 mg/L) and 2-butanol (with a concentration range of 0 - 279 mg/L). The effect of pectinase addition is statistically the most significant for the methanol content, whereas the effect of fermentation time is statistically the most significant for the 2-butanol content.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/6442
Versão do Editor: http://www.ajevonline.org/cgi/content/abstract/49/1/56
Aparece nas colecções:ESB - Artigos em revistas internacionais com Arbitragem / Papers in international journals with Peer-review



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