Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/6093
Título: Ethanol-induced changes in the fatty acid composition of Lactobaci//us hilgardii, its effects on plasma membrane fluidity and relationship with ethanol tolerance
Autor: Couto, J. A.
Rozès, N.
Hogg, T.
Data: 1996
Editora: Wiley Blackwell
Citação: COUTO, J. A. ; ROZÈS, N. ; HOGG, T. - Ethanol-induced changes in the fatty acid composition of Lactobaci//us hilgardii, its effects on plasma membrane fluidity and relationship with ethanol tolerance. Journal of applied bacteriology. ISSN 0021-8847. 81:2 (1996) 126-132
Resumo: The effect of environmental ethanol concentration on the fatty acid composition of strains of Lactobacillus hilgardii, differing in their tolerance to ethanol, was determined. A marked increase in the proportion of lactobacillic acid (a cyclopropane fatty acid) and a decrease in oleic and vaccenic acids with increasing ethanol concentration was observed. The amount of lactobacillic acid determined at standard conditions (25°C, 0% ethanol) was found to be proportional to the ethanol tolerance of the strains studied. The effect of this alcohol on plasma membrane fluidity was studied by differential scanning calorimetry. The adaptive response to growth in the presence of high concentrations of ethanol produced membranes which, within the limits of ethanol tolerance, maintained the fluidity and integrity in an environment which tends to increase membrane rigidity. When pre-adapted cells are analysed in the absence of environmental ethanol there is a measurabie increase in fluidity. It is proposed that this phenomenon may be correlated with the increase in the proportion of lactobacillic acid. The existence of a relationship between membrane fluidity and ethanol tolerance is discussed.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/6093
Versão do Editor: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2672.1996.tb04489.x/abstract
Aparece nas colecções:ESB - Artigos em revistas internacionais com Arbitragem / Papers in international journals with Peer-review

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