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|Título:||Quantification of microstructural changes during first stage air drying of grape tissue|
|Autor:||Ramos, Inês N.|
Silva, Cristina L.M.
Sereno, Alberto M.
Aguilera, José M.
|Citação:||RAMOS, Inês N...[et al.] - Quantification of microstructural changes during first stage air drying of grape tissue. Journal of Food Engineering. ISSN 0260-8774. Vol. 62, n.º 2 (2004), p. 159-164|
|Resumo:||Microstructural changes in cells of Ruby grape (Vitis vinifera) quarters were monitored during first stage of convective air drying, under a stereo-microscope. A gradual overall shrinkage of grape cells was observed during the process. The cellular parameters: area, perimeter, major and minor axis length, Feret diameter, elongation, roundness and compactness, were quantified by image analysis. It was verified that cell dimensions suffered modifications during drying, but their shape remained unchanged. These microstructural changes showed a smooth exponential decrease with time, and a first-order kinetic model was satisfactorily fitted to the data. Temperature increased the rate of cellular shrinkage and this effect followed an Arrhenius type behaviour. Increasing temperature from 20 to 60 C resulted in a 350% increase of the area change rate. For the parameters related to cellular dimensions, the magnitude of the values were 10 3 min 1 for the rate of change at 40 C and 3 kJ/mol for the activation energy|
|Versão do Editor:||http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T8J-494HNBM-4&_user=2460358&_coverDate=04%2F30%2F2004&_rdoc=8&_fmt=high&_orig=browse&_origin=browse&_zone=rslt_list_item&_srch=doc-info%28%23toc%235088%232004%23999379997%23470882%23FLA%23display%23Volume%29&_cdi=5088&_sort=d&_docanchor=&_ct=13&_acct=C000057417&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=2460358&md5=b2a3595ba832d96461516bdb307a9bff&searchtype=a|
|Aparece nas colecções:||ESB - Artigos em revistas internacionais com Arbitragem / Papers in international journals with Peer-review|
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