Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/18838
Título: The Lifecycle of a Voluntary Policy Innovation: The Case of Local Agenda 21
Autor: Pinto, Marta
Macedo, Marta
Macedo, Pedro
Almeida, Conceição
Silva, Margarida
Palavras-chave: Indirect observation
Innovation diffusion
Local Agenda 21
Local sustainability
Policy innovation
Post LA21
Data: 2015
Citação: PINTO, Marta; MACEDO, Pedro; ALMEIDA, Conceição; SILVA, Margarida - The Lifecycle of a Voluntary Policy Innovation: The Case of Local Agenda 21. Journal of Management and Sustainability. ISSN 1925-4725. Vol. 5, n.º 2 (2015), p. 69-83
Resumo: Local Agenda 21 (LA21) emerged 23 years ago as a voluntary policy innovation for local governments aiming at sustainability and has now completed its lifecycle. We aim at a second look at LA21 from the standpoint of the institutional and innovation diffusion theories and with Portugal as case study. Results show a three moment lifecycle for LA21, each with distinct diffusion patterns. The Dawn, stymied by lack of regional and national leadership, was likely fuelled by a learning mechanism. It lasted 10 years and involved a mere 1% of the potential adopters. The Zenith took place when other countries had already come full circle. During this phase 27% of the local governments became active and both coercion and competition stand out as relevant engines. Twilight, most probably powered through coercion, competition and imitation mechanisms, took LA21 to a steady state with an additional 19% of local governments enrolling. Since then LA21 has shown departures in several different directions, including oblivion. We speculate, based on preliminary data that, although most LA21 are no longer active, a durable setting was created that promotes further innovation and public participation.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/18838
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jms.v5n2p69
Versão do Editor: http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/jms/article/view/44801
Aparece nas colecções:CBQF - Artigos em revistas internacionais com Arbitragem / Papers in international journals with Peer-review

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