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|Título:||Enantiomeric fraction evaluation of pharmaceuticals in an aerobic granular sludge sequencing batch reactor|
|Autor:||Amorim, Catarina L.|
Moreira, Irina S.
Ribeiro, Ana R.
Santos, Lúcia H. M. L. M.
Tiritan, Maria E.
Castro, Paula M. L.
|Palavras-chave:||Aerobic granular sludge|
|Citação:||Amorim, Catarina L. [et al.] - Enantiomeric fraction evaluation of pharmaceuticals in an aerobic granular sludge sequencing batch reactor. – In HPLC – 42nd International Symposium High Performance Liquid Phase Separations & Related Techniques, Geneva, Switzerland, 21-25 June, 2015|
|Resumo:||Pharmaceutical compounds are emerging environmental contaminants that have received growing attention over the last two decades. Several of these pharmaceuticals currently in use are chiral. Therefore, the evaluation of the enantiomeric fraction (EF) of chiral pharmaceuticals (CPs), during the removal processes occurring in the environment, is crucial for assessing the fate of such micropollutants. Aerobic granular sludge (AGS) technology is one of the promising biotechnologies in wastewater treatment. However, due to its technological novelty, up to now there is a lack of information regarding the fate of pharmaceuticals on such technology. In this study, the enantioselective removal of a mixture of eight CPs was monitored in a laboratory-scale AGS bioreactor. A synthetic wastewater supplied with racemic mixture (1.3 µg/L of each enantiomer) of alprenolol, bisoprolol, metoprolol, propranolol, fluoxetine, its metabolite norfluoxetine, venlafaxine and salbutamol was used to continuously feed the bioreactor during 28 days. Quantification of the CPs in influent and effluent samples was carried after pre-concentration and cleanup by solid phase extraction and analysis by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry using an Astec ChirobioticTMV, 5 um (150 × 2.1 mm i.d). Enantioselective monitoring of the fate of CPs during exposure revealed that the pharmaceutical norfluoxetine at effluent exhibited EF values ranging from 0.44 to 0.74, indicating stereoselective processes occurring during the treatment, with preferential removal of the (R)-enantiomer. On the other hand, non-enantioselective removal was observed for all other CPs. Furthermore, high removal efficiencies (>96%) for both (R)- and (S)-enantiomers were achieved for norfluoxetine. For fluoxetine, relatively minor removal efficiency was observed, with approximately 85% of each enantiomer being removed from the total influent load. Total concentrations of all other CPs were reduced by about 47–61%. This study suggests that EF evaluation of CPs could be an effective mean of gaining insights into the overall treatment performance.|
|Versão do Editor:||http://www.hplc2015-geneva.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/150619_HPLC15_Poster-presentations.pdf|
|Aparece nas colecções:||CBQF - Comunicações em encontros internacionais / Presentations in international meetings|
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|Abstract_Enantiomeric fraction evaluation AGS.pdf||262,02 kB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir Acesso Restrito. Solicitar cópia ao autor!|
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