Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/14614
Título: The Ethics of Freedom: On the Moral Foundations of Economic Analysis
Autor: Martins, Nuno Miguel Ornelas
Palavras-chave: Agency
Economic analysis
Ethics, Consequentialist view of
Ethics, Deontological view of
Freedom, Economic
Imperative, Categorical
Intention, Moral
Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804)
Moral Principles
Nozick, Robert (1938-2002)
Opp ortunity
Probability, Ethical
Procedures, Ethical
Relativity, Agent
Sen, Amartya Kumar (1933-)
Uncertainty, Ethical
Virtue Ethics
Welfare economics
Data: 2009
Citação: MARTINS, Nuno Miguel Ornelas - The Ethics of Freedom: On the Moral Foundations of Economic Analysis. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia. ISSN 0870-5283 Vol. 65, N.º 1-4 (2009), p. 349-375
Resumo: Amartya Sen criticises the utilitarian philosophy that underpins neoclassical economics, and suggests the development of an economic theory grounded on a broad conception of freedom. According to the article, freedom includes for Sen two dimensions, namely the opportunity aspect and the process aspect. The opportunity aspect of freedom consists in the capability to achieve the goals that freedom provides us with, and, thus, can be seen in a consequentialist fashion. The procedural dimension of freedom, on the other hand, highlights the role of rights and procedures, and is in line with deontological approaches to ethics. But since deontological (or procedural) and consequentialist approaches to ethics are often said to be incompatible, the article raises the question of whether Sen’s conception is coherent or not. The author of the article argues that consequentialist and deontological approaches need not be incompatible, whereby he underlines in a special way the role of uncertainty as a key element in the understanding of the relationship between those two views of ethics. Finally, the article also assesses the coherence of A. Sen’s conception of the economic agent, a conception that resorts both to the notion of “moral sentiments” developed by Adam Smith as well as to the notion of “moral imperatives” developed by Kant.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/14614
Aparece nas colecções:FEG - Artigos em revistas nacionais com Arbitragem / Papers in national journals with Peer-review

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