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|Título:||Parental high expectations and childhood overweight as risk factors for bulimia nervosa: A Portuguese case-control study|
Machado, Bárbara César
Hoek, H. W.
Machado, Paulo P.
|Citação:||GONÇALVES, Sónia; MACHADO, Bárbara César; MARTINS, C.; HOEK, H. W.; MACHADO, Paulo P. - Parental high expectations and childhood overweight as risk factors for bulimia nervosa: A Portuguese case-control study. International Journal Eating Disorders. ISSN 1098-108X. (2012), p. 1-24|
|Resumo:||Aims: To identify the risk factors implicated in the development of bulimia nervosa and determine which of these risk factors are especially common among bulimia nervosa subjects compared with healthy subjects and subjects with other psychiatric disorders. Design: A case-control design was used involving the comparison of 60 female subjects who meet DSM-IV criteria for bulimia nervosa with 60 healthy control subjects and 60 subjects with other psychiatric disorders. Risk factors were assessed by interviewing each subject with the Oxford Risk Factor Interview. Results: The main risk factors identified from the comparison of bulimia nervosa subjects with healthy controls were high parental expectations and adolescence obesity. Compared with subjects with other psychiatric disorders, those with bulimia nervosa reported also childhood obesity. Discussion: Overweight in infancy and adolescence and the exposure to family functioning variables like high expectations increased the risk for the development of bulimia nervosa.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||CEDH - Artigos em revistas (no prelo) / Papers in journals (in press)|
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