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|Título:||Mycorrhizal symbiosis affected by different genotypes of Pinus pinaster|
Ramos, Miguel A.
Franco, A. R.
Castro, Paula M.L.
Forest nursery inoculation
|Citação:||SOUSA, N.R… [et al.] - Mycorrhizal symbiosis affected by different genotypes of Pinus pinaster. Plant Soil. ISSN 1573-5036. Vol. 359, n.º 1-2 (2012), p. 245-253|
|Resumo:||Background and aims Higher growth rate and morphological traits have been the major criteria for selecting trees in breeding programs. The symbiotic associations between P. pinaster and ectomycorrhizal fungi can be an effective approach to enhance plant development. The aimof thisworkwas to assess whether the establishment of mycorrhizal symbiosis at nursery stage was affected by tree breeding. Methods Seeds of P. pinaster from a clonal population, designed to select for various traits, and from neighboring wild plants were inoculated with compatible ectomycorrhizal fungi: Suillus bovinus, Pisolithus tinctorius or Rhizopogon roseolus, and grown in individual cells containing forest soil, in a commercial forest nursery. Growth and nutritional traits, colonisation parameters and the fungal community established were assessed. Results R. roseolus and P. tinctorius were the most efficient isolates in promoting plant development. Inoculated selected saplings had an overall superior development than their wild counterparts, with up to a 4.9-fold in root dry weight and a 13.6-fold increase in the total number of ectomycorrhizal root tips. Differences in fungal community were revealed through the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis profile of each treatment. Conclusions The results from our study suggest that the selected genotype benefits more from the mycorrhizal association and therefore this could be a valuable biotechnological tool for the nursery production of P. pinaster.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||CBQF - Artigos em revistas internacionais com Arbitragem / Papers in international journals with Peer-review|
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