Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/10022
Título: Potential use of wool-associated Bacillus species for biodegradation of keratinous materials
Autor: Queiroga, A. Catarina
Pintado, M. E.
Malcata, F. Xavier
Palavras-chave: Hair
Novel strains
Data: 2012
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: QUEIROGA, A. Catarina; PINTADO, M. E.; MALCATA, F. Xavier - Potential use of wool-associated Bacillus species for biodegradation of keratinous materials. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. ISSN 0964-8305. Vol. 70 (2012), p. 60-65
Resumo: Five wool-degrading bacterial strains were selected from a set of 115 isolates from a less conventional source, i.e., the wool of Portuguese Merino sheep, based on their promising keratinolytic abilities. All selected strains belong to the genus Bacillus, probably Bacillus subtilis/licheniformis, according to 16S rRNA sequencing. They were able to grow on and hydrolyse feathers and wool (in both native and milled forms), and human hair and nails to a lesser extent. The maximum keratinase activity was recorded on milled chicken feathers. Biodegradation of such keratin-rich matrices increased the amount of soluble proteins in the fermentation broth and implied the action of extracellular enzymes from those adventitious microorganisms. Therefore, such novel strains have a potential for effective use in solid waste management strategies encompassing keratin-rich materials based on submerged fermentation. Concomitantly, the nutritional value of the broth may be improved for eventual formulation of animal feed.
Descrição: Short Communication
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.14/10022
Versão do Editor: doi:10.1016/j.ibiod.2011.12.013
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